Monday, May 25, 2020
An embargo is a government-ordered restriction of commerce or exchange with one or more countries. During an embargo, no goods or services may be imported from or exported to the embargoed country or countries. Unlike military blockades, which may be viewed as acts of war, embargoes are legally-enforced barriers to trade. Key Takeaways An embargo is a government-imposed prohibition of the exchange of goods or services with a specific county or countries.In foreign policy, embargoes are typically intended to force the embargoed country to change a particular social or political policy.The effectiveness of embargoes is an ongoing foreign policy debate, but historically, most embargoes fail to achieve their initial goal. In foreign policy, embargoes usually result from strained diplomatic, economic or political relationships between the countries involved. For example, since the Cold War, the United States has maintained an economic embargo against Cuba over human rights violations by the island nationÃ¢â¬â¢s Communist government. Types of Embargoes Embargoes take several different forms. A trade embargo bars the export of specific goods or services. A strategic embargo prohibits only the sale of military-related goods or services. Sanitary embargoes are enacted in order to protect people, animals, and plants. For example, sanitary trade restrictions imposed by the World Trade Organization (WTO) ban imports and exports of endangered animals and plants. Some trade embargoes allow the exchange of certain goods, such as food and medicine, to meet humanitarian needs. In addition, most multinational embargoes contain clauses allowing some exports or imports according to a limited set of restrictions.Ã Effectiveness of Embargoes Historically, most embargoes eventually fail. While the restrictions imposed might succeed in changing the policies of a democratic government, citizens of countries under totalitarian control lack the political power to influence their governments. In addition, totalitarian governments typically have little concern for how the trade sanctions might harm their citizens. For example, U.S. trade embargo and economic sanctions against Cuba, which have been in effect for over 50 years, have largely failed to change the repressive policies of the Castro regime. Since the end of the Cold War, several Western nations have attempted to change the policies of the Russian Federation through a variety of economic sanctions. However, the Russian government has been largely unresponsive to the sanctions, contending that the sanctions are intended to weaken the nationÃ¢â¬â¢s economy by replacing the government of President Vladimir Putin. Russia has imposed economic sanctions against its own satellite nations of Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. These sanctions were enacted in an attempt to halt these nations drift toward Western-style, capitalist economies. So far, the sanctions have met with little success. In 2016, Ukraine entered into a multinational free trade agreement with the European Union. Consequences of Embargoes Embargoes are not violent like guns and bombs, but they still have the potential to harm the people and the economies of the nations involved. Embargoes can cut off the flow of essential goods and services to the civilians of the embargoed country, potentially to a harmful degree. In the country that imposes the embargo, businesses may lose out on opportunities to trade or invest in the embargoed country. For example, under current embargoes, U.S. companies are banned from potentially profitable markets in Cuba and Iran, and French shipbuilders have been forced to freeze or cancel scheduled sales of military transport ships to Russia. In addition, embargoes usually result in counter-attacks. When the U.S. joined other Western nations in applying economic sanctions against Russia in 2014, Moscow retaliated by banning the importation of food from those nations. Embargoes also hold consequences for the world economy. In a reversal to the trend toward globalization, companies are beginning to see themselves as dependent on their home governments. As a result, these companies hesitate to invest in foreign nations. Additionally, global trade patterns, which are traditionally influenced solely by economic considerations, are increasingly forced to respond to geopolitical alignments. According to the Geneva-based World Economic Forum, the result of multinational embargoes is never a Ã¢â¬Å"zero-sum game.Ã¢â¬ Backed by the might of its government, the nation with the stronger economy can do more damage to the target country than it will suffer in return. However, this punishment does not always succeed in forcing the embargoed countrys government to change its perceived political misbehavior. Notable Embargo Examples In March 1958, the United States imposed an embargo banning the sale of arms to Cuba. In February 1962, the U.S. responded to the Cuban Missile Crisis by expanding the embargo to include other imports and most other forms of trade. Though the sanctions remain in effect today, few of AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s old Cold War allies still honor them, and the Cuban government continues to deny the Cuban people basic freedoms and human rights.Ã During 1973 and 1974, the United States was the target of an oil embargo imposed by member nations of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). Intended to punish the U.S. for its support of Israel in the Yom Kippur War of October 1973, the embargo led to sky-high gasoline prices, fuel shortages, gas rationing, and a short-term recession. The OPEC oil embargo also spurred ongoing oil conservation efforts and development of alternative energy sources. Today, the U.S. and its Western allies continue to support Israel in the Middle East conflict. In 1986, the United States imposed strict trade embargoes against South Africa in opposition to its governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s long-standing policies of racial apartheid. Along with pressure from other nations, the U.S. embargoes helped result in the end of apartheid with the election of a fully racially-mixed government under President Nelson Mandela in 1994.Ã Ã Sources Klestadt, Andrea. US Trade EmbargoesÃ¢â¬âAre They Effective Tools to Promote Change? NCBFAA.Ã¢â¬Å"Economic Sanctions as a Foreign Policy Tool?Ã¢â¬ International Security, Vol. 5, No.2. (1980).Trenin, Dmitri. Ã¢â¬Å"How effective are economic sanctions?Ã¢â¬ World Economic Forum (2015).Ã¢â¬Å"Case of the Day: Tracing the Effects of the Oil Embargo.Ã¢â¬ Reed College.
Thursday, May 14, 2020
The imperfect subjunctive of Spanish is the simple past form of the subjunctive mood, the one used to refer to events or hypothesized events relating to the past (although it sometimes refers to the present). Although the equivalent verb form is rare in English, the imperfect subjunctive is an essential part of Spanish grammar. Key Takeaways: Imperfect Subjunctive in Spanish The imperfect subjunctive is the simple form of the past subjunctive.The imperfect subjunctive is used most often in a dependent clause that begins withÃ que.It can also followÃ siÃ (the word for if) when referring to a condition that is unlikely. Spanish has two forms of the imperfect subjunctive, the -ra form and the -se form. The -ra form will be used for examples throughout this lesson because it is by far more common in speech. How To Use the Imperfect Subjunctive Like the present subjunctive, the imperfect subjunctive is used most often in sentences of the following form: Subject (may be implied) indicative verb que subject (may be implied) subjunctive verb The subject and indicative verb form what is known as an independent clause; que and what follows form a dependent clause. The imperfect subjunctive is most common when the independent clause is in the preterite, imperfect or conditional tense. The imperfect subjunctive also is used sometimes following si (the word for if). This lesson assumes that you know when to use the subjunctive and how it is conjugated. Here are the major uses of the imperfect subjunctive: Following a Past-Tense Independent Clause This use of the imperfect is the most straightforward, because all verbs clearly refer to the past. Note, however, that English may use a would in translation because of the sometimes hypothetical nature of the Spanish subjunctive: El gobierno ordenÃ ³ que se hablaran con los terroristas. (The government ordered them to speak to the terrorists.)Me asombrÃ ³ que nadie me diera apoyo. (It amazed me that nobody gave me support.)Todos esperÃ ¡bamos que dijera algo mÃ ¡s, pero eso fue todo. (We all hoped he would say something more, but that was all.)No querÃ a que mis hijos me vieran. (I didnt want my children to see me.)Ã ¿TenÃ as miedo que te matara? (Were you afraid he would kill you?) Following a Conditional Independent Clause The imperfect subjunctive can refer to a present possibility when it follows a main clause in a conditional tense. Such sentences cannot be translated word for word into English and may require the use of if or would: Nos gustarÃ a que hubiera mÃ ¡s participaciÃ ³n. (We would like it if there were more participation. Note the use of the English subjunctive were in the translation.)Me temerÃ a que mi amigo tomara la misma actitud. (Id be afraid my friend would take on the same attitude.)EstarÃ a feliz que me dieras su opinion. (I would be happy if you gave me your opinion.) After Expressions of Possibility The main verb of a sentence following a word or phrase meaning maybe can be either in the indicative or the subjunctive. Use of the subjunctive may indicate considerable doubt on the speakers behalf that the statement is true. QuizÃ ¡ quisieran conocer los detalles. (Perhaps they wanted to know the details.)Tal vez pensaran que mis padres eran ricos. (Maybe they thought my parents were rich.)Posiblemente no tuvieran otras alternativas. (Possibly they didnt have other alternatives.) To Indicate an Unlikely Condition As with the English past subjunctive following if, the Spanish imperfect subjunctive can be used following si to indicate something that the speaker believes is false or highly unlikely. An example would be a sentence starting out si yo fuera rico (if I were rich). When used this way, the subjunctive verb is typically followed by verb in the conditional tense, such as si yo fuera rico, comprarÃ a un coche (if I were rich, I would buy a car). Note that the condition expressed by the subjunctive verb refers to the present. Si yo comprara la otra consola, podrÃ a ahorrar la diferencia para comprar juegos. (If I bought the other console, I could save the difference for buying games. See how comprara and bought refer to the present even though they take the form of past tenses.)Si estuvieras aquÃ , te estrecharÃ a entre mis brazos. (If you were here, Id hold you tightly in my arms.)Si viviera en AragÃ ³n, me gustarÃ a esquiar. If I lived in AragÃ ³n, Id like to ski. If you need to refer to a past condition, you can use the imperfect subjunctive of haber with a past participle to form the pluperfect subjunctive: Si yo hubiera comprado la otra consola, habrÃ a ahorrado la diferencia para comprar juegos. If I had bought the other console, I would have saved the difference to buy games.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Home Burial, a dramatic narrative largely in the form of dialogue, has 116 lines in informal blank verse. The setting is a windowed stairway in a rural home in which an unnamed farmer and his wife, Amy, live. The immediate intent of the title is made clear when the reader learns that the husband has recently buried their first-born child, a boy, in his family graveyard behind the house. The title can also be taken to suggest that the parents so fundamentally disagree about how to mourn that their home life is in mortal jeopardyÃâ"in danger of being buried. Further, Amy, because of her introspective grieving, risks burying both her marriage and her sanity. The husband enters the stairway from below and sees her before she sees him,Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Her rejoinder that he is sneering makes him upbraid and half-threaten her and ask why he cannot talk about his own dead child. This provokes her longest speech, briefly interrupted by his comment that he feels so cursed that he should laugh. The essence of her complaint is that he does not know how to speak, that she could not even recognize him when he dug the grave so energetically that he made the gravel leap and leap, and that his voice then was too rumbling when he commented that foggy and rainy weather will rot good birch fences. Concluding that he cannot care, she in turn generalizes: Friends grieve for anothers loss so little that they should not bother at all, and when a person is sick to death he is alone, and he dies more alone. Even when survivors attend a burial they are busy thinking of their own lives and actions. She calls the world evil and adds that she will not have grief this way if she can change it. He mistakenly feels that she has said her say, will stay now, and should close the door. She blurts out that he thinks the talk is all and that she must goÃâ"/ Somewhere out of this house. He demands to know where and vows to bring you back by force. Forms and Devices Home Burial achieves tension first of all through its use of unpretentious wording in blank verse, a poetic form with a tradition going back centuries, to tell a tragic domestic story in a homely locale. More obvious tension results from theShow MoreRelatedBurial Of A Home By Robert Frost1482 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesBurial of a Home Robert FrostÃ¢â¬â¢s poem Ã¢â¬Å"Home Burial,Ã¢â¬ written in 1914, centers around the conversation of a married couple whose relationship is struggling after the death of their young child. A duality in meaning exists in the poemÃ¢â¬â¢s title, Ã¢â¬Å"Home Burial,Ã¢â¬ which references not only the death of their child but also the death of their marriage. Is the childÃ¢â¬â¢s death the sole cause of their marital distress? Robert Frost opens the poem in the coupleÃ¢â¬â¢s home with the husband watching as his wife, Amy,Read MoreAnalysis of Home Burial by Robert Frost822 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAnalysis of Home Burial by Robert Frost Robert FrostÃ¢â¬â¢s poem Ã¢â¬Å"Home BurialÃ¢â¬ relates a drama between an estranged man and his wife. He presents a dramatic poem in the form of a dialogue about a couple that argues, differs with their opinions, and separates at the end. The center of the argument is around the death of their child. The poem is rich in human feelings; it highlights the expression of grief, frustration and anger that the couple shares while trying to deal with the death of their childRead More Robert Frost Home Burial - The Three Tragedies of Home Burial1295 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Three Tragedies of Home BurialÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Robert FrostÃ¢â¬â¢s Home Burial is a narrative poem that speaks of lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s tragedies. The theme of Home BurialÃ¢â¬ centers around the death of a child. During the time period in which the poem is set, society dictated that men did not show their feelings. Therefore, men dealt with conflicts by working hard and being domineering. Home Burial demonstrates how one tragedy can cause another to occur. The unnamed couple in this poem has lost a baby toRead MoreAnalysis Of The Poem Home Burial By Robert Frost2109 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesRobert FrostÃ¢â¬â¢s poem, Ã¢â¬Å"Home BurialÃ¢â¬ (1914), eloquently intertwines dialogue within the structure of the poem in order to reveal the tensions between the two characters. Having recently buried their only child, Amy and her husband are learning how to grieve and deal with this horrible loss. However, they are learning to grieve separately, which causes distress and makes it look like their marriage is failing. According to William Fish, Ã¢â¬Å"mothers and fathers grieve differently and therefore are oftenRead MoreRobert Frost s Poem Home Burial1248 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageshusband is Robert FrostÃ¢â¬â¢s poem Home Burial. In the poem I get a feeling that the husband and wife do not communicate very well. From reading the poem I get the sense that Amy, the wife, wants her husband to automatically be aware of what she is feeling and why, however that is not fair. It is impossible for anyone to know exactly how one feels without asking. I can tell by this passage, Ã¢â¬Å"My words are nearly always and offense/ I donÃ¢â¬â¢t know how to speak of anything/ So as to please youÃ¢â¬ (Home Burial, 48-50)Read More Robert Frost Home Burial - Selfish Misery Essay1662 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Selfish Misery ofÃ Home Burial Robert Frosts poem Home Burial is an intriguing portrait of a marital relationship that has gone wrong. Though at first glance it may seem that the cause for the couples trouble is the death of their child, closer reading allows the reader to see that there are other serious, deeper-rooted problems at work. The couples differences in their approach to grieving is only the beginning of their problems. Many of the real problems lie in the wifes self-absorbedRead More Robert Frost Home Burial - A Reflection of Reality Essay923 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages nbsp;Home Burial as a Reflection of Realitynbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; Robert Frosts Home Burial is a masterfully written work, conceived from his and his wifes anguish at the loss of their first-born son as well as from the estrangement between his sister-in-law and her husband due to the death of their child. In Donald J. Greiners commentary on Frosts works, The Indespensible Robert Frost, it is revealed that Mrs. Frost could not ease her grief following Elliots death, and FrostRead MoreEssay about Analysis of Home Burial by Robert Frost970 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAnalysis of Home Burial by Robert Frost Robert Frost wrote the poem Home Burial after he and his wife suffered the tragic loss of their 4-year-old son. Home Burial shows the emotions people feel after such a loss, and how they face those emotions. Through Frosts experience he shows that men and women grieve in different ways. In Home Burial Frost demonstrates, through the husband, that in the grieving process men tend to show strength. Throughout the poem you see the husband proceedRead MoreImpact of Death on a Relationship Explored in Home BurialÃ by Robert Frost1600 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesRobert Frosts Home Burial is a tragic poem about a young life cut short and the breakdown of a marriage and family. The poem is considered to be greatly inspired and spurred by the Frosts loss of their first child to cholera at age 3 (Romano 2). The complex relationship between husband and wife after their childs death is explored in detail and is displayed truthfully. Among many others, the range of emotions exhibited includes grief, isolation, acceptance, and rejection. The differences inRead More Robert Frost Home Burial - The Insensitive, Selfish Husband Essays1178 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Insensitive, Selfish Husband of Home BurialÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Even in the closest of relationships, the death of a baby can separate and form a wedge between a husband and wife. Husbands and wives tend to handle the process of mourning differently, not only because of the differences between male and female, but also because of personality and the social molding in ones upbringing. In the poem, Home Burial, Robert Frost gives a glimpse of the conflicts caused by non-communication and misunderstanding
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Working with Community for Cancer Council of Victoria. Answer: Introduction The Chosen Community The chosen community is the Cancer Council Victoria. Community Interest in Professional Capacity The Cancer Council Victoria is chosen in that it contributes in serving the needs concerning the understanding of the lifestyle and nutritional elements that are required to be incorporated for countering the incidence of cancer. Similarly, researching on the above community would also help in designing of coaching programs for nurses regarding dealing with cancer patients and thereby in motivating them to live a better life(Cancer Council Victoria, 2017). Significance of the Chosen Community Rendering to Individual Cancer Council Victoria focuses on reducing the level of impact of cancer on different individuals. Rendering to Society Cancer Council of Victoria has gained international reputation owing to the development of its potential for conducting research, prevention and also supports activities for reducing the impact of different types of cancer on different individuals. It also focuses on empowering communities for reducing the level of inequities concerning dealing with cancer(Cancer Council Victoria, 2017). Community Mapping Challenges Faced by Local Community Challenge 1 Cause of the Challenge The first challenge is associated with the designing of fundraising activities and programs for sourcing funds to counter different types of cancer. It thus requires identification of potential stakeholders like cancer survivors, celebrities, clubs and other volunteers and also designing of quality programs for helping patients suffering from cancer(Cancer Council Victoria, 2017). Nature of the Cause The nature of the challenge is identified to be economic such that it focuses on understanding and evaluating the financial needs for sourcing of necessary funds for fighting of different types of cancer(Cancer Council Victoria, 2017). Challenge 2 Cause of the Challenge The second challenge is associated with requiring the tobacco companies for rendering detailed package highlighting health problems concerning the consumption of tobacco in terms of cigarettes, tobacco powder and other like products. The generation of warning labels are required to be generated for reducing the chances of misuse of tobacco products(Cancer Council Victoria , 2016). Nature of the Cause The nature of the cause is identified to be social such that it aims on governing consumer behaviour regarding purchasing of tobacco products. Effective labelling is required to be provided for generating needed awareness concerning association of tobacco product consumption with oral cancer(Cancer Council Victoria , 2016). Challenge 3 Cause of the Challenge The third challenge is associated with the existence of cultural diverse groups in Australia. It is observed that around 22 percent of the patients suffering from cancer belong to non-English speaking nationalities. Members of culturally and linguistic communities face problems concerning language and also from lack of knowledge concerning health system of Australia to both prevent and diagnose cancer(Cancer Council Victoria , 2017). Nature of the Cause The nature of the above cause is identified to be social owing to the identification of problems concerning culturally and linguistically diverse communities residing in Australia in understanding the mode of diagnosing and preventing cancer(Cancer Council Victoria , 2017). Desirable Outcomes and Goal Setting First Goal Description of the Goal The first goal is associated with the development of effective and potential fund raising programs and also with involvement and empowering of different stakeholder groups concerning cancer survivors, celebrities and other local volunteers for designing of merchandises and selling of such to gather funds. Relation of the Goal to the Challenge The goal for the sourcing of potential funds through involvement of different stakeholders for designing of fund raising programs would ideally help in meeting the challenge concerned with lack of proper funds for fighting cancer. Reason for the Goal Significant amount of funds are required to generate and sustain a fight against cancer. The same requires the development of fund raising programs to help source needed funds for helping cancer patients(Xu et al., 2014). Second Goal Description of the Goal The second goal is associated with encouraging and governing tobacco companies for rendering detailed packaging reflecting the incidence of oral cancer with increased consumption of such. Relation of the Goal to the Challenge Encouraging and monitoring of detailed labelling and packaging on tobacco products and raising voices for such would help in reducing the chances of misuse concerning same and thereby would help in countering cancer. Reason for the Goal Effective labelling of tobacco products concerning development of a smoke-free environment and also reducing presence of passive smokers can help in promoting a reduction in tobacco consumption(Miller, 2012). Third Goal Description of the Goal The goal is to generate needed awareness and educating the common masses belonging to different cultural and linguistic communities regarding the diagnosis, prevention and cure of different types of cancer. Relation of the Goal to the Challenge The meeting of the goal would help the people belonging to different cultural and linguistic backgrounds to get first hand information concerning diagnosing and also preventing the emergence of cancer. Reason for the Goal Effective communication is required to be carried out for training and coaching of individuals belonging to diverse cultural and linguistic communities to fight cancer(Parks et al., 2017). Needs Assessment Needs based on Need Gap Assessment of Communitys Needs Needs based on Goal 1 Need for identification of effective donor population Need for recruitment of effective volunteers and in coaching them the objectives of fundraising and tactics needed to be undertaken. Development of communication for generating awareness about the fundraising event through public relations and incorporation of social networking platforms. Generation of merchandises and in designing fundraising programs by surveying of population and in identification of potential regions(Gupta et al., 2014). Needs based on Goal 2 Need for tobacco companies to publish advertisements for rendering a smoke-free environment. Need for tobacco companies to reflect the harmful impacts of tobacco on family and social life. Need for tobacco companies to highlight on packs showing incidence of oral cancer on increased consumption of cigarettes and the like(Velicer et al., 2014). Needs based on Goal 3 Designing of effective communication programs in English and also in other vernaculars. Communicating with the masses through the use of print, broadcasting, digital or web and also through use of social networking platforms like Facebook and Twitter and thereby educating them on cancer and the different health facilities available. Distribution of leaflets in different languages to the public of diverse communities for generating information on cancer. Surveying of the sample population for evaluating the level of understanding. Encouraging people to communicate through the use of videoconferencing and also with local agents for gaining proper access to health, finance and other support facilities(Simon et al., 2014). Pertinence of Needs to Challenges Pertinence of Need 1 to Challenge The need for identification of potential donor population along with effective volunteers with also the development of effective communication for cultivating needed awareness would help in drawing necessary funds for generating needed care to cancer patients. Pertinence of Need 2 to Challenge Encouraging, promoting and also monitoring the actions of the tobacco companies concerning the publication of advertisements and public relation information through use of different types of media would help in restricting the undue growth of tobacco consumption in the region. Generation of effective labelling for creation of a smoke-free environment would help in reducing of passive smokers and thereby in restricting lung cancer. Pertinence of Need 3 to Challenge Generation of effective communication through use of different communication channels and also coaching the people belonging to different linguistic and cultural fronts would help in creation of needed awareness regarding cancer and also the existence of different facilities and support. This would help the people in availing needed support for fighting with the disease. Prioritising Community Needs Prioritisation of the Needs Skills needed for Goal Achievement Skills needed for achieving Goal 1 Effective communication skills Team working and organising Budgeting skills Skills for motivating others Convincing and sales skills(Cancer Council Victoria, 2017). Skills needed for achieving Goal 2 Effective presentation skills Convincing skills Monitoring skills Communication skills (Cancer Council Victoria, 2017). Skills needed for achieving Goal 3 Communication and interactive skills Language skills Interpersonal skills Empathy Public Relation and promotion skills Motivation skills Organising and team working (Cancer Council Victoria , 2017). Conclusion Summarisation of the Needs Identified The different needs are identified associated with the different goals associated with development of a fundraising activity, needing tobacco companies for generating detailed labels and finally regarding educating people pertaining to different cultures and languages about cancer and health facilities, systems and support available. Process of Identification of the Needs The fundraising needs are identified owing to lack of proper funds for addressing the support needs of cancer patients. Labelling needs of tobacco companies are identified owing to growth of passive smoking and need for a smoke-free environment. Finally, the existence of people belonging to different cultures and languages requires the development of coaching and mentoring programs. Outlining of Needs Association with Goals Financing and funding needs-----Development of Fundraising Events Labelling needs---------------------Promoting and monitoring of labelling standards Generating awareness for cancer among linguistic and cultural communities------Development of coaching and mentoring programs. References Cancer Council Victoria , 2016. Domestic challenge to plain packaging: High Court of Australia finds plain packaging constitutional. [Online] Available at: https://www.mccabecentre.org/focus-areas/tobacco/domestic-challenge-to-plain-packaging [Accessed 22 September 2017]. Cancer Council Victoria , 2017. Culturally diverse communitiies. [Online] Available at: https://www.cancervic.org.au/about/culturally-linguistally-diverse-communities [Accessed 22 September 2017]. Cancer Council Victoria, 2017. Fundraise. [Online] Available at: https://www.cancervic.org.au/how-you-can-help/fundraise [Accessed 22 September 2017]. Cancer Council Victoria, 2017. Healthy Living after Cancer. [Online] Available at: https://www.cancervic.org.au/how-we-can-help/healthy-living-after-cancer [Accessed 22 September 2017]. Cancer Council Victoria, 2017. Whaty We Do. [Online] Available at: https://www.cancervic.org.au/about/strategic-plan [Accessed 22 September 2017]. Gupta, S., Rivera-Luna, R., Ribeiro, R.C. Howard, S.C., 2014. Pediatric Oncology as the Next Global Child Health Priority: The Need for National Childhood Cancer Strategies in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. PLOS Medicine . Miller, A.B., 2012. Epidemiologic Studies in Cancer Prevention and Screening. United Kingdom : Springer. Parks, F.M., Felzien, G.S. Jue, S., 2017. HIV/AIDS in Rural Communities: Research, Education, and Advocacy. United Kingdom : Springer. Simon, M.A., Erika, E. Norbeck, C., 2014. Improving diversity in cancer research trials: the story of the Cancer Disparities Research Network. Journal of Cancer Education . Velicer, C., Lempert, L.K. Glantz, S., 2014. Cigarette company trade secrets are not secret: an analysis of reverse engineering reports in internal tobacco industry documents released as a result of litigation. Tobacco Control. Xu, Y., Cui, J. Puett, D., 2014. Cancer Bioinformatics. United Kingdom : Springer.
Tuesday, April 7, 2020
Arthur Dimmesdale Dimmesdale In Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter, Reverend Arthur Dimmesdale unquestionably suffers more than Hester Prynne, his accomplice in the affair that took place years ago. He is tortured by Roger Chillingworth, Hester's husband, who arrives in Boston and begins to 'assist' Dimmesdale with his illness. He is also tormented by Pearl, Hester and Dimmesdale's daughter, who, is a product of the affair. He also injures himself, as the shame of the incident literally makes him sick. These persons, including himself, contribute to Reverend Arthur Dimmesdale's potential downfall. Roger Chillingworth arrives in Boston, and ironically, the first scene he views is his wife, Hester Prynne, serving her three-hour sentence of standing on the pillory. As he comes out of the woods with a big Indian, he joins the crowd. At which time, we are immediately informed of his physical description. We are told he is short, has one shoulder higher than the other, and looks intelligent, however, there was not something right about him, his look became keen and penetrative. (p.54) In the next chapter, we are told that Chillingworth is Hester's husband. They do not have the same name, however, because Chillingworth wishes to avoid discovery as the wronged husband and also bear Hester's ignominy. Roger Chillingworth gains a good reputation as the best (and only) physician in Boston. Coincidentally, Dimmesdale grows sick, and he is forced to seek Chillingworth's help. Dimmesdale's health started to decline, to put his hand over his heart, with first a flush and then a paleness, ind icative of pain. (p.107) Chillingworth takes interest in Dimmesdale, and sought to win a friendly regard and confidence from his naturally reserved sensibility. (p.108) Chillingworth was happy to help his pastor back to health, as it was the natural thing to do. The disease was not the only thing that interested the physician, but, he was strangely moved to look in to the character and qualities of the patient?He deemed it essential, it would seem to know the man before attempting to do him good. (pp.109, 110) Dimmesdale's health sailed downward, and at this time, Dimmesdale was advised by the townspeople to move in with Chillingworth. At first, they got along great, and town couldn't be happier with how things are going, but after a while, some people grew skeptical of Chillingworth's motives. They believe that Chillingworth has undergone a change since arriving in Boston: he used to be a genial old man, but is now an ugly and evil person who now terrorizes Dimmesdale, haunted eith er by Satan himself, or Satan's emissary, in the guise of old Roger Chillingworth. (p.114) A few days later, Chillingworth returned from gathering leaves and roots when Dimmesdale asked him where he got those that he had never seen before. Chillingworth responds by saying that they grew on a grave with no tombstone, then infers that Dimmesdale is keeping a secret, They grew out of his heart, and typify, it maybe, some hideous secret that was buried with him, and which he had done be then to confess during his lifetime. (p. 117) This leads directly to an entire conversation where Chillingworth tries to make Dimmesdale reveal his secret. Chillingworth pushes Dimmesdale to tell him about his spiritual side, however, Dimmesdale grows so uncomfortable that he screams, No-not to thee! (p.127) and runs out of the room in a mad fit. Later on, Dimmesdale falls asleep in his chair, at which time Chillingworth creeps in and rips off Dimmesdale's shirt, and finds what he is looking for: he has read Dimmesdale's heart. Roger Chillingworth is not the only person to torment Dimmesdale. Little Pearl, Hester and Arthur's daughter, also torments him as well. Pearl does not make Dimmesdale suffer as much as Roger, but she does inflict her share of damage. During the conversation between Chillingworth and Dimmesdale about Dimmesdale's spirit, Pearl and Hester come walking through the graveyard. Pearl gathers a handful of burrs from a birdock, and placed them along her mother's 'A.' As they continue down the path, they pass Dimmesdale's window, and she, threw one of the prickly burrs at the reverend Mr. Dimmesdale. (p.120) Dimmesdale jumped back from the attack, and seemed to, shrunk with nervous dread. (p.120) Pearl
Monday, March 9, 2020
HUNT Surname Meaning and Origin As it sounds, the Hunt surname is generally considered to be an occupational name for a hunter, from the Old English hunta, meaning to hunt. Its also possible that the Hunt surname is an mis-translation of the Irish surname Ãâ Fiaich (due to confusion with fiach, the modern spelling of fiadhach, meaning to hunt), or an Anglicized spelling of the German surname Hundt. Surname Origin:Ã English Alternate Surname Spellings:Ã HUNTER, HUNTAR, HUNTE, HUNTA, HUNTT, HUNDT Where in the World is the HUNT Surname Found? According toÃ Forebears, the Hunt surname is most prevalent in the United States, where over 172,000 people bear the name. It is more common based on rank in the nation, however, in New Zealand (ranked 78th), Wales (84th) andÃ England (89th). Historical data from the 1881 census in England shows the surname Hunt was most common in Wiltshire (11th most common surname), Dorset (12th), Berkshire (17th), Somerset and Oxfordshire (23rd), Hampshire (24th) and Leicestershire (25th). WorldNames PublicProfilerÃ identifies the Hunt surname as being especially common in the United Kingdom, followed by Australia and New Zealand. Within the UK it is most common in southern England, especially the counties of Dorset, Somerset, Wiltshire, Oxfordshire, Warwickshire, Monmouthshire and Derbyshire. Famous People with the Last Name HUNT Linda Hunt - American actress, bornÃ Lydia Susanna HunterHelen Hunt - American actressJames Hunt - British race car driver famous in the 1970sE. Howard Hunt - former CIA agent, famous for helping to organize the Watergate breakinAlfred Hunt - American steel magnateHenry Hunt - British radical speaker and politicianBonnie Hunt - American actressLeigh Hunt - English author and criticWilliam Morris Hunt - American painter Genealogy Resources for the Surname HUNT How to Research English AncestorsTrace your British roots back to England and beyond with the steps outlined in this English genealogy guide. Learn how to locate your ancestors county and/or parish in England, plus how to access vital records, census records and parish records. The HUNT DNA WebsiteOver 180 individuals with the Hunt surname and variants such as Hunte, Hunta, Huntt, Hundt, etc. have tested their Y-DNA and joined this project to help identify various Hunt families. Hunt Family Crest - Its Not What You ThinkContrary to what you may hear, there is no such thing as a Hunt family crest or coat of arms for the Hunt surname.Ã Coats of arms are granted to individuals, not families, and may rightfully be used only by the uninterrupted male line descendants of the person to whom the coat of arms was originally granted. FamilySearch - HUNT GenealogyExplore over 4 million historical records and lineage-linked family trees posted for the Hunt surname and its variations on the free FamilySearch website, hosted by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. HUNT Surname Family Mailing ListsRootsWeb hosts a free mailing lists for researchers of the Hunt surname. DistantCousin.com - HUNT Genealogy Family HistoryExplore free databases and genealogy links for the last name Hunt. The Hunt Genealogy and Family Tree PageBrowse genealogy records and links to genealogical and historical records for individuals with the popular last name Hunt from the website of Genealogy Today.- References: Surname Meanings Origins Cottle, Basil.Ã Penguin Dictionary of Surnames. Baltimore, MD: Penguin Books, 1967. Dorward, David.Ã Scottish Surnames. Collins Celtic (Pocket edition), 1998. Fucilla, Joseph.Ã Our Italian Surnames. Genealogical Publishing Company, 2003. Hanks, Patrick and Flavia Hodges.Ã A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford University Press, 1989. Hanks, Patrick.Ã Dictionary of American Family Names. Oxford University Press, 2003. Reaney, P.H.Ã A Dictionary of English Surnames. Oxford University Press, 1997. Smith, Elsdon C.Ã American Surnames. Genealogical Publishing Company, 1997. Ã Back toÃ Glossary of Surname Meanings Origins
Friday, February 21, 2020
Diamond Trade in Africa - Essay Example Recounting this history shows how Africa and one f its most marketable resources have become entangled in the values f a cultural polyglot f political economies, and the image f the African suffers in its wake; a diminished ability to claim political representation for many African peoples, and a reduced place f participation in the world economies for African nations and Africa, as a global entity is the result. (Sherman 600-615) As the image f a "chaotic" Africa persists in the historical moment to de-legitimize it as viable agent in international political economies, divorced f its historical circumstances and left to the whim f market forces and subordinating cultural practices, more and more African peoples come to utilizing force and violence in an effort to attain their participation, perpetuating this tragic image. Diamonds, as a product f Western aesthetic values, through the circumstances f history and geology, becomes an ideal medium for this perpetuation. (Olsson 1133-1150) Although diamonds occur all over Africa, they are accessed most easily in riverbeds via alluvial mining. This requires far less physically intensive effort; as a result, the rivers begin to serve as borders. Mapped as diamond resources, they become instruments f power and ultimately, corruptive relations among the region. In 1997 the NGO Global Witness published an account f the local civil wars entitled Rough Trade. In Angola and Sierra Leone, where mined diamonds were and are being used to fund violent struggles over land, resources and political representation, the rivers have become charted as the cultural resources f various divisions under the patronage f military enforcement. Global Witness purpose was to expose the fraudulent efforts f the "legitimate" diamond trade, identifiably the brokers for DeBeers and the shadow traders-in-between. Although the purpose was to reveal and condemn these policies f marketing "blood diamonds", the publication depicted the struggle only as a moral one for Western business and consumers arguing in favor f not supporting the "violent chaos" f Africa. Emphasis was made on the political struggles, particularly in Angola, where the exertion for representation between political oppositions UNITA (National Union for the Total Independence f Angola) and MPLA continues to subdivide into struggles over diamonds alone. But currently the only political concern f the cultural factions involved is the enormous personal gain to be acquired through control f such abundant and valuable resources, ultimately pointing towards the need for military presence in mined areas. (Sherman 600-615) The diamond as an archetype f Western value becomes the perfect means f instilling economic chaos through the ease f exploiting other cultural values. There size, convenience, f transport and mining, as well as their fiscal value, can make them the ultimate source f finance for a revolution. This suits as a local example that is continental in its effect. It is arguable that every African knows what a diamond is, and what its worth, not so much to them, but to the non-African, and as such becomes a window f economic, and thus potentially political opportunity. The linking f Africa with diamonds is much the same image as the African with violence. The "treasure" f the continent is only so to the Western